In May 2015, Mathematica Policy Research (MPR) issued this report on MFP demonstration that supports efforts to help Medicaid beneficiaries living in long-term care facilities transition back to the community. The six MFP grantees highlighted in this study offer several lessons that can help other states enhance their program models to better serve people with diverse support needs. Factors that contribute to successful program performance include (1) thorough identification of a person's needs and preferences early in the transition process to help facilitate timely linkages to services in the community and avoid reinstitutionalization; (2) flexible MFP grant funds that enable MFP grantees to test new services or supports that help to better meet participants' support needs in the community; (3) quality monitoring systems to track participants' outcomes in the community; and (4) strong partnerships with stakeholders, which lead to close coordination in service delivery and propel system transformation efforts forward. Please click on View Page Now or go to the MPR website at: http://www.mathematica-mpr.com/~/media/publications/pdfs/health/mfpfieldrpt16.pdf
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Administration for Children and Families (ACF)issued a study on October 22, 2014, that reports that more than half of homeless youth become homeless for the first time because they are asked to leave home by a parent or caregiver. The first-of-its-kind study focused on 656 14- to 21-year-olds in 11 cities. Respondents included street youth served by FYSB’s Street Outreach Program grantees and street youth who were not using services. The study found the following: -- On average, the youth became homeless for the first time at age 15. -- The average youth spent nearly two years living on the streets. -- More than 60 percent were raped, beaten up, robbed, or otherwise assaulted. -- Nearly 30 percent of participants identified as gay, lesbian or bisexual, and nearly 7 percent identified as transgender. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development regularly estimates the number of people experiencing homelessness. Even though this exercise is believed to undercount the number of youth experiencing homelessness, it still identified 46,924 unaccompanied children and youth experiencing homelessness in the United States on a single night in January 2013. To view the full report, please click on View Page Now or go to: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/fysb/resource/sop-executive-summary
Mathematica Policy Research conducted this study using a previously untapped database—administrative data on claims filed under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act—to show how risk factors underlying disability following a work-related injury differ across groups defined by demographics, employment characteristics, and injury type (that is, injury or illness). Differences exist in three areas: the probability of incurring an injury, the probability of incurring a disability after an injury has occurred, and the size of the association between a risk factor and the probability of incurring a disability. To access a PDF version of this report, please go to: http://mathematica-mpr.com/publications/PDFs/disability/riskfactors_workinjuries.pdf?spMailingID=8899024&spUserID=Njc2ODkyNzQ1MTcS1&spJobID=322251108&spReportId=MzIyMjUxMTA4S0
An independent third-party evaluation of Minnesota Reading Corps, the nation’s largest AmeriCorps tutoring program, has found that elementary students tutored by AmeriCorps members achieved significantly higher literacy levels than students without such tutors, and that the impacts were statistically significant even among students at higher risk for academic failure. The study, released in March 2014 by the Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS) also found that the tutoring model is replicable in multiple school settings using AmeriCorps members with varied backgrounds. Minnesota Reading Corps, a strategic initiative of ServeMinnesota, currently engages more than 1,100 AmeriCorps members at 700 public schools and Head Start centers throughout the state. Last year its AmeriCorps members served 30,000 students in Minnesota. For more information on this report, please go to: http://www.nationalservice.gov/impact-our-nation/research-and-reports/impact-evaluation-minnesota-reading-corps
The Institute of Medicine issued the following report on February 20, 2014: "Preventing Psychological Disorders in Service Members and Their Families; An Assessment of Programs." More than a decade of war in Iraq and Afghanistan has placed extraordinary demands on service members and their families, and many veterans have returned from the field with significant psychological impairments. Between 2000 and 2011, almost 1 million service members or former service members were diagnosed with at least 1 psychological disorder either during or after deployment; almost half of these members had multiple disorders. These conditions can hamper veterans’ ability to reconnect with family, find work, and live healthy and productive lives. DOD asked the IOM to conduct the study on DOD’s efforts to prevent psychological disorders among active-duty service members and their families. The resulting report assesses the evidence base for DOD’s existing prevention programs and makes recommendations about program development and implementation. The report findings are provided in brief at: http://www.iom.edu/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2014/Preventing-Military-Psychological-Disorders/MilitaryMentalHealth_findings.pdf:
The “National Snapshot of Adults with Intellectual Disabilities in the Labor Force” was commissioned by Special Olympics, conducted by the Center for Social Development and Education at the University of Massachusetts Boston and administered by Gallup. A new survey shows that unemployment among people with intellectual disabilities is more than twice as high as for the general population. That’s according to one of the most comprehensive U.S. surveys ever done on adults with disabilities in the workforce. Study Findings: •Less than one out of every two working age adults with ID is in the labor force (i.e. currently employed or searching for work) - Only 44% of adults with ID aged 21-64 are in the labor force. - This is compared to 83% of working-age adults without disabilities who are in the labor force. - 21% of working age adults with ID are unemployed. - This is compared to less than 8% of adults without disabilities who are unemployed. - A substantial proportion of adults with ID have never been in the workforce. - 28% of working age adults with ID have never held a job. - Only 34% of adults with ID aged 21-64 are employed, and an approximately equal number work in a sheltered setting as a competitive setting (where most people do not have disabilities - 62% of adults with ID employed in a competitive setting have been at their current job for 3 years or more. - 81% of adults with ID employed in a sheltered setting have been at their current job for 3 years or more. For more information, please go to: http://www.specialolympics.org/Sections/What_We_Do/Research_Studies_Description_Pages/National_Snapshot_of_Adults_with_Intellectual_Disabilities_in_the_Labor_Force.aspx
In a report published online February 15, 2014, in the journal Lancet Neurology, researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai are warning of what they call a “silent pandemic” resulting from limited regulation of chemicals. Exposure to toxic substances could be triggering an increasing number of cases of autism, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, dyslexia and other conditions, they say. “The greatest concern is the large numbers of children who are affected by toxic damage to brain development in the absence of a formal diagnosis. They suffer reduced attention span, delayed development and poor school performance. Industrial chemicals are now emerging as likely causes,” said Philippe Grandjean of the Harvard School of Public Health. The study is available at: http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laneur/article/PIIS1474-4422%2813%2970278-3/fulltext
The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) recently releaased a report on the impact of revised definitions of autism published in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-5 issued in March 2013. After years of escalating growth, the JAMA study suggests that autism rates could drop off based on these new diagnostic criteria for the developmental disorder. Rsearchers found that a little over 80 percent of children who met the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network, as well as DSM IV, met the revised DSM-5 criteria for the autism spectrum definition. The new version of the manual altered the diagnostic criteria and did away with Asperger’s syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified, instead creating an umbrella classification of “autism spectrum disorder” with clinicians indicating a level of severity. For information on the primary findings and access to the JAMA study, please go to: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/features/impact-dsm5.html
The Institute for Communicy Inclusion (ICI) at the University of Massachusetts - Boston, has established a website - Real People, Real Jobs -featuring employment success stories. The site highlights individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities working in paid jobs in their communities through the use of innovative front-line strategies. The objective is to show what's possible for people with disabilities, their families, and front-line employment-support professionals. This month Real People, Real Jobs profiles Eric and Francesca, who turned volunteer opportunities into paid positions. Read how Corey developed a business that met a need in his community, and how Anna and Jackson's complementary skills turned into a business partnership. You can also learn how a job developer's networking skills contributed to Zachary finding the ideal work opportunity in web design. The website is at: http://www.realworkstories.org/
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) developed this report which presents an assessment and lessons on successful local approaches to support youth into employment, education or training from a series of case studies undertaken in 2011 and 2012 in OECD member and non-member countries.
The Heldrich Center issued a Report, "College Students with Disabilities: What Factors Influence Successful Degree Completion? A Case Study," September, 2012. The challenges students with disabilities (SWDs) face on college campuses have been examined widely, but little is known about the experiences of SWDs who have successfully completed college. This report examines the viewpoints of successful SWD completers and the staff from five colleges and universities in New Jersey without regard to particular program and funding initiatives. Noteworthy was the perspective of both students and college professionals that on-campus services and supports were most critical to college completion. Current research indicates that people with disabilities have a lower employment rate and, therefore, higher rate of poverty and dependence on public social services support. People with disabilities complete college at a statistically significant lower rate than people without disabilities and those who do complete college have a persistently lower rate of employment irrespective of the level of degree attainment (associate’s, bachelor’s, and higher). Despite these challenges, individuals with a wide range of disabilities have significantly increased their enrollment in postsecondary educational institutions, with an increase of more than 20% from 2003 to 2009 (National Council on Disability, 2011; Raue & Lewis, 2011). The disparity is striking because recent data have shown that “the employment rate for college graduates without disabilities is 89.9% and for college graduates with disabilities, the rate is 50.6%”(Nicholas, Kauder, Krepcio, & Baker, 2011).
Read a success story that highlights a customer with a disability who was assisted by Iowa’s American Job Center to re-enter the workforce and no longer be a Social Security disability beneficiary. View the resources that can assist customers and the AJC network to replicate this success. Stay tuned for the video!