MDRC TANF/SSI Disability Transition Project

Posted by Alexandra Kielty - On February 28, 2014 (EST)

To understand how best to help TANF recipients with disabilities, the Administration for Children and Families and the Social Security Administration, the parent agencies of TANF and SSI, contracted with MDRC and its partners to conduct the TANF/SSI Disability Transition Project. The following publications were all produced as part of that research effort. Both Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) serve low-income individuals with disabilities. Yet the two programs’ differences in approach and structure pose challenges to coordinating services.

Overall, the project found that the overlap in populations between TANF and SSI is not large, suggesting that the interaction between the two programs has little to do with TANF recipients being pushed toward SSI due to changes in TANF policy, as some had thought. This new understanding of the interaction between welfare and disability may better position policymakers to address other important questions, including how best to provide services to meet the special employment and support needs of low-income adults with disabilities.

"Connections Between TANF and SSI: Lessons from the TANF/SSI Disability Transition Project" summarizes the project’s findings overall.
"Examining the Interaction Between Welfare and Disability: Lessons from an In-Depth Data Analysis" includes MDRC’s analysis of merged national-level TANF and SSI data — two rich data sources that have never before been linked — to better understand the extent of the two programs’ overlap.

These and other briefs from the TANF/SSI Disability Transition Project are available at:

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Modified On : February 28, 2014
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