How VR Services Affect Employment Outcomes for Adults with Cerebral Palsy

Posted by Alexandra Kielty - On October 22, 2014 (EST)

Cerebral Palsy (CP) is considered the most common childhood disability. It can result in life-long speech and language impairments, sensory deficits, intellectual disabilities, behavioral problems, and seizures. Rates of employment for people with CP in the United States are reported to be lower than for those with other types of disabilities. The purpose of this research was to learn how VR services affected employment outcomes among adults with CP.

Five VR services were shown to play a central role in the employment success of people with CP:

-- Job Placement Assistance
--On-the-Job Training -- On-the-Job Support – Specifically, work and social skill development tailored specifically to the environment, workplace accommodations, and employee education about disability and consumer advocacy
-- Maintenance – For example, food, clothing, shelter, and emergency healthcare
-- Rehabilitation Technology – For example, adaptive tricycle (for therapeutic cycling), adapted vehicles, augmentative communication devices

Other factors that affected employment outcomes included the individuals’ gender, age, educational level, and receipt of cash benefits (SSDI/SSI). Transition services in high school could be key to positive employment outcomes. Individuals who received cash benefits such as SSI and SSDI had reduced employment outcomes. Lack of information about work incentives programs, fear of losing benefits, or severity of disability may account for this. To access this study, please click on View Page Now or go to:

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Modified On : October 22, 2014
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